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Specialty Definitions

Allergy
A branch of science that deals with the phenomena and cause of immunity and immune responses.

Allergy & Immunology
A branch of science that deals with the phenomena and cause of immunity and immune responses.

Anatomic & Clinical Pathology
The study of the essential nature of diseases and especially of the structural and functional changes produced by them.

Anesthesia, Pain Management
The branch of medicine that deals with administration of pain relief during surgical and clinical procedures.

Anesthesiology
The branch of medicine that deals with administration of pain relief during surgical and clinical procedures.

Cardiovascular Disease
Refers to diseases of the heart and diseases of the blood vessel system (arteries, capillaries, veins) within a person’s entire body, such as the brain, legs, and lungs.

Colon & Rectal Surgery
Colon and rectal surgeons treat patients for hemorrhoids, rectal and colon tumors, inflammatory bowel disease, rectal cancer and complicated anal/rectal disease, correct intestinal bleeding problems, and perform colonoscopies.

Critical Care
A branch of medicine where unforeseen combination of circumstances call for immediate medical attention.

Dental, General
The branch of medicine dealing with the anatomy and development and diseases of the teeth.

Dental, Pediatric
The branch of medicine dealing with the anatomy and development and diseases of the teeth in children.

Dermatology
A branch of science dealing with the skin, its structure, function and diseases.

Emergency Medicine
A branch of medicine where unforeseen combination of circumstances call for immediate medical attention.

Endocrinology
A science dealing with the glands of the body, such as the thyroid and pituitary.

Family Medicine
Family physicians care for patients of all ages, from newborns to the elderly, men and women, and all medical problems.

Gastroenterology
The study of the disease and pathology of the stomach and intestines.

General Surgery
A branch of medicine concerned with diseases and conditions requiring or amenable to operative or manual procedures.

Geriatric Medicine
A branch of medicine that deals with the problems and disease of old age and aging people.

Gynecologic Oncology
A branch of medicine that deals with the cancers of female reproductive track.

Head & Neck Surgery
This specialty deals with benign and malignant diseases affecting the throat, mouth, face and skin of the head and neck. It also includes the diagnosis and treatment of neck lumps of all sorts and salivary gland disease.

House Physician
A physician, especially an intern or resident who cares for hospitalized patients under the supervision of the surgical and medical staff of a hospital.

Infectious Disease
The study of a disease caused by the entrance into the body of organisms which grow and multiply.

Internal Medicine
A branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of nonsurgical disease.

Interventional Cardiology
Interventional cardiology is a branch of the medical specialty of cardiology that deals specifically with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases

Maternal-Fetal Medicine
A branch of medicine that deals with expectant mothers and their fetuses

Medical Oncology
Diagnosis and treatment of tumors and cancer.

Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine
A branch of medicine concerned with the care, development and diseases of the newborn infant

Nephrology
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disease of the kidneys.

Neurological Surgery
A surgical specialty for the treatment of diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral and sympathetic nervous system.

Neurology
The scientific study of the nervous system, its structure, function and abnormalities.

Neuroradiology
A subspecialty of radiology devoted to diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the brain, spine, and other parts of the nervous system.

Obstetrics & Gynecology
The branch of medicine dealing with birth and the diseases & hygiene of women.

Ophthalmology
The branch of medicine dealing with the structure, functions and diseases of the eye.

Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a specialty of dentistry concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of congenital or acquired diseases, dysfunction, defects or injuries of the mouth, jaws, face, neck and associated regions.

Orthopedic Surgery
Orthopedic surgery is the branch of surgery concerned with acute, chronic, traumatic and recurrent injuries and other disorders of the locomotor system, its muscular and bone parts.

Otolaryngology
The diagnosis and medical or surgical treatment of ear, nose and throat disease and injuries.

Pain Medicine
This medical specialty is concerned with the prevention, evaluation, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of painful disorders. Pain and its associated symptoms may arise from a single cause, such as postoperative pain or pain associated with cancer. Pain can also constitute the primary problem, such as neuropathic (nervous system) pains or headaches.

Pediatric Cardiology
Pediatric cardiologists specialize in the prevention, diagnosis and medical (non-surgical) treatment of heart and blood vessel diseases in children.

Pediatric Endocrinology
A science dealing with the glands of the body in infants, children and young adults.

Pediatric Pulmonology
A pediatric pulmonologist is a specialist who is dedicated to the prevention and treatment of all respiratory diseases affecting infants, children and young adults.

Pediatrics
A branch of medicine dealing with the development, care and disease of children.

Physical Medicine & Rehab
Physical medicine and rehabilitation, also referred to as rehabilitation medicine, is the medical specialty concerned with diagnosing, evaluating, and treating patients with physical disabilities.

Plastic Surgery
The branch of surgery concerned with the repair, restoration, or improvement of lost, injured, defective, or misshapen parts of the body by transfer of tissue.

Podiatry
A specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders and injury of the feet.

Psychiatry
A branch of medicine that deals with mental, emotional or behavioral disorders.

Pulmonary Medicine
A branch of medicine concerning the diagnosis and treatment of the disease of the lungs.

Radiation Oncology
A branch of medicine concerning the treatment of tumors and malignancies with radiant energy.

Reproductive Endocrinology
The diagnosis and management of infertility in women, including pregnancy loss, surgery and preservation of the reproductive tract.

Rheumatology
A medical science that deals with rheumatic diseases, characterized by inflammation and pain in muscles and joints.

Sleep Medicine
The study, diagnosis, and treatment of patients with disorders affecting sleep and daytime alertness.

Surgery, Oncology
Oncology is the specialty of treating cancer with surgery. There are many types of cancer surgeries, ranging from treatment of prostate cancer to breast cancer. There is some overlap in the practice of surgical oncology. For example, a brain surgeon may operate on brain tumors

Uro-Gynecology
Treatment of urinary incontinence in women, including the prolapse of bladder and reproductive organs.

Urology
The branch of medicine dealing with the urinary or urogenital organs.

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